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     II. Stages were everywhere, and theatric performances were on the upsurge.
     During the Southern Song Dynasty, there were many places for theatric performances. For examples, Gou Lan, tea houses, bars, squares or even the streets could become stages, among which the most important was the Wa Lan built inside Wa She, the market.
    Gou Lan was the most common place for singing. Apart from those who were selected for the court, the best performers mainly congregated in Gou Lan. Both Wa She and Gou Lan were products of commodity economy, and their thriving well mirrored the prosperity of trade of the time. Wa She could also be called Wa Zi, Wa Shi and Wa Si. It was said in Meng Liang Lu that Wa She was a place for people to assemble or disorganize easily. A distributing center as it was, it had most businessmen and customers. Gou Lan was people's recreation ground that was built in Wa She, so that it attracted most audiences hence good business. For the time, Lan'an (the present Hangzhou) alone had more than 20 Wa She in and around the city, which was twice the number of Wa She in the capital city of Northern Song Dynasty Bian Liang (the present Kai Feng). At the same time, Wa She was also becoming bigger and bigger in size.
     Besides Wa She, tea houses and bars offered places for performing too. As another reflection of the thriving business, they even outnumbered Wa Shi and Gou Lan, and extended all over the city.
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