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    Zhejiang modern fine arts were full of extraordinary splendor. In the beginning of the Republic of China, many young students went to study abroad. When they got back, they brought with them the western art. As a result, Chinese fine arts turned from the classic form to modern form. The educator Cai Yuanpei was the pioneer for this important change. In 1917, Cai Yuanpei (1868-1940) published several articles in the New Youth journal, among which were The Origin Of Fine Arts, The Evolution Of Fine Arts, and The Relation Of Fine Arts And Science. He put forward the idea of 'replacing religions by fine arts education' and with this enlightened modern art. In 1927 when Cai Yuanpei became the president of Nanjing Government University, he established the National Art Education Committee and invited Lin Fengmian to be the director. In 1928, he presided over the establishment of the National West Lake Art Academy. Lin Fengmian was the principal, Lin Wenzheng was the dean, and Pan Tianshou and Wu Dayu were designated the director professor for the Chinese painting department and western painting department respectively. From then on, Hangzhou again became the key city of fine arts. Besides Cai Yuanpei, another pioneer Li Shutong started his fine art teaching practices too.
    Li Shutong (1880-1942), or Hongyi (his name in religion after he became a Buddhist priest), used go to Japan in 1905 to study in Shangye Fine Art Vocational School of Tokyo. In 1913, he became a fine art teacher in Zhejiang No. 1 Teacher's College. He opened sketch class, canvas class, watercolor class, designing class and woodcarving class, too. He was the first to give human body sketch and field sketch classes, and also the first Chinese to give Western Fine Arts History class with systematic course materials. Feng Zicai and Pan Tianshou were both his students.
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