modern fine arts were full of extraordinary splendor. In the
beginning of the Republic of China, many young students went
to study abroad. When they got back, they brought with them
the western art. As a result, Chinese fine arts turned from
the classic form to modern form. The educator Cai Yuanpei was
the pioneer for this important change. In 1917, Cai Yuanpei
(1868-1940) published several articles in the New Youth journal,
among which were The Origin Of Fine Arts, The Evolution Of Fine
Arts, and The Relation Of Fine Arts And Science. He put forward
the idea of 'replacing religions by fine arts education' and
with this enlightened modern art. In 1927 when Cai Yuanpei became
the president of Nanjing Government University, he established
the National Art Education Committee and invited Lin Fengmian
to be the director. In 1928, he presided over the establishment
of the National West Lake Art Academy. Lin Fengmian was the
principal, Lin Wenzheng was the dean, and Pan Tianshou and Wu
Dayu were designated the director professor for the Chinese
painting department and western painting department respectively.
From then on, Hangzhou again became the key city of fine arts.
Besides Cai Yuanpei, another pioneer Li Shutong started his
fine art teaching practices too.
Shutong (1880-1942), or Hongyi (his name in religion after he
became a Buddhist priest), used go to Japan in 1905 to study
in Shangye Fine Art Vocational School of Tokyo. In 1913, he
became a fine art teacher in Zhejiang No. 1 Teacher's College.
He opened sketch class, canvas class, watercolor class, designing
class and woodcarving class, too. He was the first to give human
body sketch and field sketch classes, and also the first Chinese
to give Western Fine Arts History class with systematic course
materials. Feng Zicai and Pan Tianshou were both his students.