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    During the excavations of the Luojiajiao Site (early stage) of the Majiabang Culture, archeologists found some white pottery fragments. Gray or light yellow in color, uniform in structure, normative in processing and more importantly, with white pottery coatings on surface, they were the earliest white pottery works of China. The white potteries of the Luojiajiao Site (late stage) were solid in quality, a result of being baked in the temperature range of 950c-1000c. About 5000 years before, the Majiabang Culture developed into the Songze Culture. The Human-figured Vase was the masterpiece of the Songze ancients. It was very precious because such human figures were scarcely used in the pottery sculpting in ancient times.
    The Liangzhu Culture is famous for its jade products like cong (rectangular jade with round holes), bi (a round flat piece of jade with a hole in it) and tomahawk which were large in number and fine in craft. The processing skills of Liangzhu jade products were complicated and various. The skills like concave engraving, protruding engraving, embossment, penetrating engraving and round engraving were jointly used. The skilled craftsmen even could engrave 4 to 5 paralleled thin lines within a range of 1mm. The lines were thin but straight, so extraordinary as if done by the spirits. The jade cong was a rectangular jade with a round hole in the center. They were usually engraved with simple or complicated patterns of beast-faced god-man. The making of cong was quite standardized with embossment technique for the god-man's beast face to emphasize the mighty power and concave engraving technique for the god-man's body, arms, hands and the beast's forelimbs to add in a taste of mystery. It became the typical decorative technique of the New Stone Age, and was very influential. It was said to have some relationship with the Taotie (a mythical ferocious animal) Veins of the Bronze Age. The Liangzhu potteries were mainly dark potteries made of clay and were processed by wheels. They were delicate and glittered with a black shine after firing. The decorative veins were mainly string, twist, rope and wave shapes. The representative decorative patterns of Liangzhou Black Pottery were additive pile veins, bamboo gnarl veins and holes of various shapes. The Link-eared Dark Pot and The Dark Round-Mouthed Food Vessel With Handles were typical Liangzhu wares which gave out black shines after coated with black coatings and polished by animal skin.
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