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    Zhejiang became a strong and independent kingdom in The Spring and Autumn Period. However, the literature then was still underdeveloped.
    In Western Han and Eastern Han dynasties, the accomplishment of Yue's Destruction and History of Wu & Yue made the start of the Zhejiang folk literature and novels. In Eastern Han Dynasty, the Shangyu native Wang Chong was considered the first literature commenter who criticized the superstitious thoughts and promoted atheism in his philosophic works Discourses Weighed in the Balance. Wang Chong's works were easy, fluent and without much adornment and he protested that the articles should be balanced in form and content, and with original creations and various styles which had great impact on later development of literature theories.
    After the Three Kingdoms period, Zhejiang literature became very active and made many outstanding achievements.
    As for novel, in Wei, Jin, Northern and Southern dynasties, there were many novels about weird people and things, such as Gan Bao's Searching Spirits and other writers' works Qixie Stories, Sequel of Qixie Stories, Jealousy and Folk Tales, etc.
    As for prose, in Eastern Jin dynasty, Wan Xizhi, who resided in Huiji County then, was famous for his natural and fluent style and presented the works represented by Preface of Lanting Collections.
    As for poem, in Southern dynasty, the Shangyu native poet Xie Lingyun was good at depicting the beautiful landscape of River South (south Yangtze River region) and wrote the Xie Kangle's Collection. His poems were widely spread, promoted the change of the Chinese poetry styles and influenced the later development of Chinese poetry. He was considered the originator of the landscape style poets.
    As for literature theory, the Yongming Style poems and the relevant poetry theory on "four tunes and eight faults" invented by Shen Yue(a Deqing native) provided the fundamental for the ancient poems and occupied an important position in the history of ancient Chinese literature theory. And the tales of Lanke Hill and Tiantai Hill were widely spread in the folks.
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