for science and technology, the eastern Zhejiang architect Yu
Hao of Northern Song dynasty was famous for the design of wooden
pagodas and multi-floor buildings. His work Wood Scripture is
the nation's earliest monograph on wooden structure buildings
of the ancient times. The movable-type printing technology invented
by the Northern Song publishing house worker of Hangzhou City,
Bi Sheng is an important revolution on the world's printing
history. From then on, printing industry began prevailing in
Hangzhou. Half of the official publication Supervision Copy
of Song dynasty was printed in Hangzhou. The books were marvelous
with carving, printing, mounting and engraving patterns. In
the Northern Song dynasty's Hangzhou, the famous scientist Shen
Kuo was so versatile that he wrote the book Sketchbook of Dream
Brook that has been regarded not only as a confluence of science
but also a very priceless history file.
the early Tang Dynasty on, there were a lot of Zhejiang origin
litterateurs, calligraphers and drawers. According to the history,
there were altogether 867 poets engaged in writing Ci poems,
among whom 216 poets were from Zhejiang province, nearly a quarter.
There were such great poets of Tang and Song dynasties as Luo
Bingwang, Meng Jiao, Qian Qi, Zhang Xian and Lu You whose poems
had great influences to the development of the Chinese poems.
During the Northern & Southern Song dynasties, Zhejiang
was also the origin place of the Chinese dramas. There were
many Za-Ju (a kind of drama) performances in Hangzhou when it
was the capital of Southern Song Dynasty. It was in Wenzhou
that the fully developed drama form of China's Xiwen appeared.
Mengfu, Washing The Horses