[Home]->[Culture&Arts]->[The Historical Achievements of Zhejiang Culture]
    In Sui and Tang Dynasty, the economy of the south bank of Yangtze River developed continuously. In Five Dynasties Period, Qianliu was crowned as the King of Wuyue Kingdom in Lin'an. And later with the political and economic center moving from northern China to southern China, Zhejiang became the richest province of the feudal China. Thanks to the development of economy and politics, the science and art revealed a kind of vigorous vital force.
    As for studies & ideology, the Sui dynasty noted monk Zhi Zhuan from Tiantai Guoqing Temple syncretized the characteristics of the southern & northern Buddhism to build up a new sect (one of the six main sects of Buddhism in China), namely Tiantai Sect. In Southern & Northern Song dynasties, Zhejiang Theory became one of the most important branches of learning then. Contrary to the Confucian school of idealist philosophy represented by Chen Yi and Zhu Xi, Cheng Liang from Yongkang and Ye Shi from Yongjia advocated the utilitarian theory. In their opinions, rules should be pertinent enough to be applied to a particular situation. It was typical of Eastern Zhejiang School in Southern Song dynasty. One of the Three Worthy Persons in Southeast (Lu Zuqian, Zhu Xi and Zhang Shi), the Southern Song scholar Lu Zuqian initiated the Lv School (alias Wu School) which used to be the central thoughts of the Eastern Zhejiang School, and enjoyed high reputations in Chinese Cultural History.
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